# 2. Globe - The Model of the Earth

2. Globe - The Model of the Earth

Exercise 1

A. Answer the following questions in brief:

1. Why Globe is called as model of the Earth?

2. What is the name of the ending of screw of Globe?

3. What is the name given to the Semi-circles that connect both the poles?

4. What is Hemisphere, name the line that cuts the Globe or Earth into the Hemispheres?

5. What is the Prime Meridian, from where it passes?

6. What is the difference between Longitudes and Latitudes?

7. Why Longitudes are called Meridians of Longitude. In how many Meridians we divide the Earth or Globe?

8. Which is the largest circle of Globe, name it?

9. What is difference between Parallel of Latitude and Meridian of Longitude?

10. What is the importance of Longitude?

11. Which lines help us to divide earth into Heat zones give reasons? Why there are Heat Zones?

12. What is the difference between Local time and Indian Standard Time?

B. Fill in the blanks:

1. Tropic of Cancer is depicted by parallels of Latitude.

2. Tropic of Capricorn is depicted by parallels of Latitude.

3. Latitudes and Longitudes make a on a Globe.

4. The distance between any two parallels is always

5. The is also known Zero Meridian.

6. In India, the Longitude of   is considered the Standard Meridian.

7. The time difference between Greenwich Mean Time and Indian Standard Time is

C. Say whether the following statements are True or False:

1. Each parallel of Latitude is a semi-circle.

2. Temperature increases as we go away from the equator.

3. The Torrid zone lies between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn.

4. The Earth rotates from the West to East direction.

D. Activities:

1. With the help of Atlas, find out the Longitude and Latitude of your District. 2. Mark the lines of Equator, Cancer, Capricorn and Arctic circle and Antarctic circle on the Globe.

3. Draw Standard Meridian on the world map.

4. Take two balls and draw important Parallels and Meridians on each of them.